THE BEADS OF BARIKOT, PAKISTAN: A PRELIMINARY TYPOLOGICAL AND PALAEO-TECHNOLOGICAL STUDY
Ornaments including beads are instrumental in providing insight not only into their function but also into the socio-economic and technological aspects of past societies (Kenoyer and Frenez, 2018a; Bar-Yosef Mayer, 2013: 129). Although beads made of different base materials and types have been recovered from the excavations of several archaeological sites in Swat, no detailed typological and technological studies are available at present, creating a data gap in our understanding on the development of beads during the Late Bronze Age and Iron Age periods. The recent stratigraphic excavations of the site of Barikot by the ISMEO Italian Archaeological Mission in Pakistan have revealed a variety of beads, providing a preliminary understanding on the typological and technological perspectives of beads in use among the inhabitants of the site. This article will discuss selected examples of beads from Barikot and will also compare them with the types of beads recovered from contemporary sites.