SINDH-GUJARAT STONE EXCHANGE DURING URBAN PHASE OF INDUS CIVILIZATION

  • Aamir Waseem Khan
  • Muhammad Hanif Laghari
  • Tooba Shafaq Rajput

Abstract

Urban phase 2600-1900 BCE was a time when entrepreneur activities were at peak. The traders were moving commodities form one corner of Indus valley to another regardless of environment, landscape nature and other situations.  The results of this interaction intensity are very loud and clear to majority of researchers on Indus Valley.

The present paper is further examination in comprehending the knowledge about the social complexity which apparently carries tangible value but also conceal the intangible significance. This social complexity is highlighted through most effective commodities like chert, carnelian and shell; utilized in manifold socio-commercial means. These commodities are found from different ecological setup(s) and also processed in different ways; carry separate utilization and pose different socio-commercial status. Three broader ecological regions such as Sindh, Gujarat and coastal regions are focus areas for exchange of three commodities as explained above.

The paper also consider the aspect that what type of peoples were involved in this exchange system and why?  And what type of effects it may have left on the communities of urban phase of Indus valley and beyond.

Published
2019-01-01